How to Recover Lost Data After Factory Resetting a MacBook Pro


Factory resetting your MacBook Pro can be a necessary step to fix software issues or prepare the device for a new owner. However, it can be a harrowing experience if you realize you’ve lost important data in the process. Fortunately, there are several methods to recover lost data even after a factory reset. This blog post will guide you through these methods step by step.

Understanding Factory Reset and Data Loss

A factory reset restores your MacBook Pro to its original settings, effectively wiping all data, apps, and configurations. This process is intended to eliminate any software-related problems or prepare the device for resale. However, it also means that all personal data stored on the machine is erased.

Steps to Recover Lost Data

1. Check Your Backups

Before attempting any recovery methods, ensure that you do not already have backups of your data. Here are the common backup methods:

  • Time Machine: Apple’s built-in backup solution that can restore your entire system or individual files.
  • iCloud Drive: Check if you have enabled iCloud to store your files.
  • External Backup Drives: Check any external drives or NAS (Network Attached Storage) you might have used for backups.

2. Use Time Machine to Restore Data

If you have a Time Machine backup, you can easily restore your data:

  1. Connect your Time Machine backup drive to your MacBook Pro.
  2. Open the Migration Assistant:
    • Go to Applications > Utilities > Migration Assistant.
  3. Select the option to transfer information:
    • Choose “From a Mac, Time Machine backup, or startup disk”.
  4. Follow the on-screen instructions:
    • Select your Time Machine backup disk and choose the backup date you want to restore from.
    • Continue following the prompts to complete the restoration process.

3. Recover Data Using iCloud

If you have been using iCloud, you can restore files from there:

  1. Go to the iCloud website:
  2. Sign in with your Apple ID.
  3. Navigate to iCloud Drive:
    • Click on iCloud Drive to access your files.
  4. Download the necessary files:
    • Select the files you need and download them back to your MacBook Pro.

4. Data Recovery Software

If you do not have a backup, you may need to use data recovery software. Here are some reliable options:

  • Disk Drill: Known for its user-friendly interface and powerful recovery capabilities.
  • Data Rescue: Offers a thorough scan and recovery process.
  • Stellar Data Recovery: Supports various file types and storage devices.

Steps to use Disk Drill:

  1. Download and install Disk Drill from the official website.
  2. Launch the application:
    • Open Disk Drill from your Applications folder.
  3. Grant necessary permissions:
    • Disk Drill will request access to your disks; follow the on-screen instructions to allow this.
  4. Select the disk you want to recover data from:
    • Choose your Mac’s main drive (usually named “Macintosh HD”).
  5. Click “Search for lost data”:
    • Disk Drill will begin scanning your drive for recoverable files.
  6. Preview and select files:
    • Once the scan is complete, browse through the list of found files and select those you want to recover.
  7. Click “Recover”:
    • Choose a safe location (preferably an external drive) to save the recovered files.

5. Professional Data Recovery Services

If software recovery methods fail, you can consider professional data recovery services. These services are often expensive but can be very effective. Some renowned data recovery services include:

  • DriveSavers
  • Ontrack Data Recovery
  • Secure Data Recovery

To use a professional service:

  1. Contact the service provider:
    • Visit their website or call their customer service to explain your situation.
  2. Ship your MacBook or drive:
    • Follow the provider’s instructions to securely ship your device to their lab.
  3. Wait for the diagnosis and recovery:
    • The service will analyze your drive and provide a quote for recovery.
  4. Approve the recovery process:
    • If you agree to the quote, they will proceed with the data recovery and send your recovered data back to you.

Preventing Future Data Loss

To avoid the stress of data loss in the future, follow these best practices:

  1. Regular Backups: Use Time Machine or another reliable backup method to back up your data regularly.
  2. Cloud Storage: Utilize cloud storage solutions like iCloud, Google Drive, or Dropbox for important files.
  3. External Drives: Keep multiple copies of important data on external drives.
  4. Data Recovery Plans: Familiarize yourself with data recovery software and services before you need them.


Losing data after a factory reset on your MacBook Pro can be distressing, but with the right tools and methods, you can recover your important files. Always ensure you have regular backups and take advantage of cloud storage solutions to minimize the risk of data loss in the future. If you find yourself in a situation where you need to recover lost data, follow the steps outlined in this guide, and you’ll be well on your way to retrieving your precious information.